【考研英语长难句练习】2023考研英语长难句带练分析【第六期】【05-12】

In 2010, leading congressional Democrats and Republicans sent letters to the AAAS asking that it identity actions that could be taken by “ federal, state and local governments, universities, foundations, educators, individual benefactors and others “ to “maintain national excellence in humanities and social scientific scholarship and education.”

A. 断句:找标志断句,在第一个逗号处断句,连词that,可在第一that前断句,短语,to前断句。即:In 2010, leading congressional Democrats and Republicans sent letters to the AAAS asking //that it identity actions that could be taken by “ federal, state and local governments, universities, foundations, educators, individual benefactors and others //“ to “maintain national excellence in humanities and social scientific scholarship and education.”

B. 语法分析:

句子主干:Democrats and Republicans sent letters to the AAAS,其中包含了adj做定语,leading/congressional 定语修饰主语Democrats and Republicans.

修饰:

伴随状语:asking that it identity actions that could be taken by “ federal, state and local governments, universities, foundations, educators, individual benefactors and others,其中,第一个that宾从;第二个that定从修饰actions。

目的状语:to “maintain national excellence in humanities and social scientific scholarship and education,其中in humanities...句末介词短语做定语修饰excellence.

C.翻译:2010年,国会的民族党和共和党的领导给美国人文与科学院写信,要求明确“联邦,州,地方政府,大学,基金会,教育者,个人和其他热采用的行动内容,用来维护国家人文学科和社会科学学术与教育领域的领先地位。

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